Hernias occur when an organ or fatty tissue comes through an opening or weakness in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue. This often occurs when some form of pressure causes a breach in the weakened tissue, such as persistent coughing or sneezing, constipation or improperly lifting heavy objects.
The surgeons at White Plains Hospital are highly trained in the diagnosis and minimally-invasive repair of hernias.
Common hernias treated:
A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper stomach is forced up through the diaphragm and can often cause Gastro-Esophageal Reflux disease or GERD. This occurs most frequently in those over the age of 50 who are obese, and are a result of changes in the diaphragm caused by age, injury or intense pressure, or simply as a result of being born with a large opening (hiatus) in the diaphragm.
Inguinal hernias are the most common and occur when a weakness in the abdominal wall allows a portion of the bladder or the intestine to protrude in the groin area.
A femoral hernia occurs when the intestine pushes into the canal carrying the femoral artery into the upper thigh. Femoral hernias are most common in women, especially those who are pregnant or obese.
An umbilical hernia is when part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the navel. It is most common in newborns but also occurs in women who are obese or who have had many children.
Learn more about diagnosis and treatment
An incisional hernia occurs when the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall where a previous surgery occurred, most commonly in elderly or overweight people who are inactive after abdominal surgery.
Diagnosis & Treatment
All hernias are not necessarily dangerous. However, if your daily lifestyle begins to be affected by the hernia, then surgical repair should be considered.
There are situations where the contents of the organ or tissue become trapped (incarcerated). An incarcerated hernia can become strangulated, which cuts off the blood flow to the tissue that's trapped. This can be serious if it isn't treated.
Today, most hernias can be repaired laparoscopically. During surgery, the protruding organ or tissue is gradually moved back into its proper position and the weakness through which it protruded is closed to prevent it from re-herniating. In some cases, mesh may be used to reinforce the weakened tissue that was compromised by the protrusion.
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