Urologic cancers include cancers of the urological system, such as the prostate, bladder, kidneys, and testicles as well as benign and malignant diseases of the adrenal gland. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men other than skin cancer, with about 220,800 new cases of prostate cancer each year in the U.S., according to the American Cancer Society.
Risk factors for prostate cancer include age, race/ethnicity, and family history. Bladder cancer risk factors include smoking and exposure to hazardous chemicals as well as chronic bladder infections. Risk factors for kidney cancer include smoking, obesity, exposure to certain chemicals, and hereditary factors. Testicular cancer risk factors include undescended testicles and family history.
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DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT
Screening for prostate cancer includes a simple blood test called the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test as well as a digital rectal exam (DRE). Other diagnosis options for urologic cancers include physical examinations, blood tests, imaging tests, surgery, screening for blood in the urine, and biopsy.
Treatment options will vary depending on the type of urologic cancer diagnosed. For urologic cancers, common treatment options include surveillance, surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.
The White Plains Hospital Center for Cancer Care has numerous advanced treatment options for prostate, kidney, bladder, testicular, and other urologic cancers, including minimally invasive surgery. We are also able to offer 24/7 emergency care through the White Plains Hospital Emergency Department.
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