There are two adrenal glands, each sitting on top of the kidneys. They produce a host of hormones, including cortisol, aldosterone, and the sex steroids estrogen and testosterone. Cortisol helps the body respond to stress while aldosterone controls the balance of electrolytes including sodium and potassium. The adrenal glands also produce catecholamines called epinephrine and norepinephrine. Together these hormones contribute to the “flight or fight” response to rigorous activity and stress. These glands are redundant organs such that the removal of one gland does not interfere with normal production and function of hormones from the remaining gland.
For more information on treatment options for adrenal disorders or to schedule a consultation, please call 914-681-1010.